Parts of the Jerusalem Wall from the First Temple Period
by Miriam Woelke
A bigger part of the wall surrounding Jerusalem during the First Temple period. The spot where I took the above photos is located in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City. Very close to the square with all its cafes and shops.
Especially after King Salomon (Shlomo HaMelech) built the First Temple, the most ancient part of Jerusalem, today’s City of Kind David, had become too small. More and more Jews were moving to Jerusalem and there simply wasn’t enough space anymore. Thus, people began building new houses and shops outside the existing city wall.
In order not to make the newer part of Jerusalem too vulnerable to a potential enemy attack, King Chizkiyahu extended the wall also around the new neighbourhoods. Already in ancient times, the enemy used to come from the North. So, it is not surprising that the northern part of the wall was much higher (15 meters) than the wall near the Kidron Valley (only 3 meters).